A man approached a scholar to know the difference between free will and Pre-Destination.
Man asked: O Imam! Which of my actions are by my free will and which are Pre-destined?
Scholar replied: Dear, Lift your right leg.
Man said: Ok!
Scholar said: That's free will.
Scholare asked: Now lift your left leg .
Man said: I can't.
Scholar replied: Dear, that's what Pre-destination is.
Many people have a misconception that since god has written down for all human beings their fate, why then should they be held responsible for the evil actions that they do.
Islam believes that man has been given the power of free will.Islam also believes that Allah has written down for every person whether he will go to heaven or hell. But this decision is based on Allah's knowledge of the future. Allah knows how the person will use his free will. It is man himself who makes decisions and do actions.
For example, in a class of thirty students, there are three students, who are inattentive, bunk the classes and do not do their home work regularly.If the teacher warns them that they will fail and when they appear for the examination, they really fail. who is to blame for their failure?
The teacher predicted their failure based on their behavior in the class.So also Allah knows the future of the person and knows how that person will use his free will, whether he will use it for the good of mankind or will he be evil.So it is man himself will be held responsible for his actions that he did of his own free will.